Cell type-specific localization of sphingosine kinase 1a in human tissues

J Histochem Cytochem. 2001 Jul;49(7):845-55. doi: 10.1177/002215540104900705.


Cell type-specific localization of sphingosine kinase 1a (SPHK1a) in tissues was analyzed with a rabbit polyclonal antibody against the 16 C-terminal amino acids derived from the recently reported mouse cDNA sequence of SPHK1a. This antibody (anti-SPHK1a antibody) can react specifically with SPHK1a of mouse, rat, and human tissues. Utilizing its crossreactivity to human SPHK1a, the cell-specific localization of SPHK1a in human tissues was histochemically examined. Strong positive staining for SPHK1a was observed in the white matter in the cerebrum and cerebellum, the red nucleus and cerebral peduncle in the midbrain, the uriniferous tubules in the kidney, the endothelial cells in vessels of various organs, and in megakaryocytes and platelets. The lining cells of sinusoids in the liver and splenic cords in the spleen showed moderate staining. Columnar epithelia in the intestine and Leydig's cells in the testis showed weak staining patterns. In addition, TPA-treated HEL cells, a human leukemia cell line, showed a megakaryocytic phenotype accompanied with increases in immunostaining of both SPHK1a and SPHK enzyme activity, suggesting that SPHK1a may be a novel marker of megakaryocytic differentiation and that this antibody is also useful for in vitro study of differentiation models.(J Histochem Cytochem 49:845-855, 2001)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies
  • Blotting, Western
  • CHO Cells
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cricetinae
  • Cross Reactions
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Organ Specificity
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / immunology
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism*
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Rabbits
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antibodies
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • sphingosine kinase