The purpose of this study is to localize, in cases of brain tumors, pathological magnetic brain activities and to analyze metabolic alterations in functionally abnormal lesions using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H MRSI). The study focused on 10 healthy volunteers and seven patients with common brain tumors, namely astrocytic tumor and meningioma. In spontaneous MEG, the pathological brain activities (slow, fast waves and spikes) were localized using a single equivalent dipole model. After the results of MEG and 1H MRSI were superimposed onto the corresponding MR images, the signal intensities of spectroscopically visible metabolites were analyzed in the regions where the dipoles of the pathological activities were concentrated. Increased slow wave activity was observed in four cases and fast wave or spike activity was significantly increased in one case. These pathological activities were localized in surrounding regions of the bulk of tumors, where mild reduction of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and slight accumulation of lactate (Lac) consistently existed. Preserved cortical areas, which are indicated by residual NAA, might be able to generate pathological magnetic activities under lactic acidosis. Such areas could be understood as a border zone between normal and seriously damaged brain tissue by tumors or associated brain edema. This combined technique with the different modalities gives insight into functional as well as metabolic aspects of pathological brain conditions.