The role of CD40-CD40 ligand (CD154) interactions in immunoglobulin light chain repertoire generation and somatic mutation

Clin Immunol. 2001 Jul;100(1):71-81. doi: 10.1006/clim.2001.5049.


To determine whether CD40 ligation influences the molecular and selective mechanisms that govern the development of the human Ig light chain repertoire, analysis of the Vkappa and Vlambda repertoires of CD19+ B cells obtained from a patient with X-linked hyper IgM syndrome (XHIM) and a nonfunctional CD154 was carried out. The nonproductive Vkappa and Vlambda repertoires were largely comparable to that of the normals with respect to V gene and J segment distribution as well as CDR3 length and VLJL joint complexity. Comparison of the nonproductive and productive repertoires indicated that a limited number of VL genes were positively and negatively selected in the XHIM patient. Although mutations were observed in the XHIM VL repertoires, the frequency of mutations was significantly lower than in normals. Typical targeting of these mutations into RGYW/WRCY motifs was significantly reduced and subsequent selection of RGYW/WRCY mutations, which is normally observed, was not found. These results indicate that CD40 ligation is not required for generation of the light chain repertoire, positive selection of some Vk rearrangements, negative selection of specific VL genes, and some degree of somatic mutation. Importantly, however, targeting of mutations to RGYW/WRCY motifs and subsequent selection of these mutated motifs does not occur in the absence of CD40 ligation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • CD40 Antigens / physiology*
  • CD40 Ligand / genetics
  • CD40 Ligand / physiology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clonal Deletion
  • Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte, Light Chain*
  • Genes, Immunoglobulin
  • Humans
  • Hypergammaglobulinemia / genetics
  • Hypergammaglobulinemia / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin Joining Region / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin M / metabolism
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains / genetics
  • Immunologic Memory
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Phosphodiesterase I
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / metabolism
  • X Chromosome / genetics


  • CD40 Antigens
  • Immunoglobulin Joining Region
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region
  • Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains
  • Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains
  • CD40 Ligand
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • Phosphodiesterase I