Background: Portable recording devices for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) should be carefully evaluated before being used on a routine basis in out-patients.
Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the new portable recording device, Somnocheck (SC).
Methods: Nocturnal polysomnographies (PSG) and SC recordings were performed simultaneously in the sleep laboratory in 51 patients with suspected OSA, and were analysed manually by a blinded investigator.
Results: The apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI) obtained by manual SC analysis correlated closely with that obtained by PSG (r = 0.98), but the correlation with AHI obtained by automatic SC analysis was markedly lower (r = 0.83). When an AHI > or =10 was defined as indicative of OSA, the sensitivity of manual SC analysis was 0.97 and its specificity 1.00. The sensitivity of automatic analysis was 0.83 and its specificity 0.95.
Conclusions: In this experimental setting, the SC showed a very high diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of OSA and was able to define its severity precisely. The diagnostic accuracy of manual analysis was found to be superior to that of automatic analysis. Considering the results of this technical evaluation, the SC may also be expected to work reliably when it is used in an ambulatory setting.
Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel