Objective: The primary objective of this single-centre, open-label, parallel-group study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety profile of the prandial glucose regulator repaglinide, following single and multiple dosing, in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without varying degrees of renal impairment.
Methods: The study comprised three screening visits, followed by a 7-day inpatient period. Thirty-four patients, with normal renal function (n = 12), mild-to-moderate renal dysfunction (n = 12) or severe renal dysfunction (n = 10), received a single 2-mg dose of repaglinide on day 1, followed by preprandial 2-mg doses with main meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) on each of days 2-4. A final 2-mg dose of repaglinide was administered on day 5.
Results: Patients with mild-to-moderate renal impairment showed no significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of repaglinide, compared with patients with normal renal function. In the group of patients with severe renal dysfunction, the main pharmacokinetic finding was a longer half-life after multiple dosing. Rates of minor hypoglycaemia were similar in patients with severe, mild-to-moderate and no renal dysfunction. No major hypoglycaemic episodes occurred.
Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes and mild or moderate impairment of renal function may be treated with repaglinide without special precautions. If repaglinide is used in patients with severely impaired renal function, dose adjustment may be necessary if indicated by blood glucose measurements.