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, 756 (1-2), 189-98

Structure and Properties of Ovalbumin

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Structure and Properties of Ovalbumin

J A Huntington et al. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl.

Abstract

Ovalbumin is a protein of unknown function found in large quantities in avian egg-white. Surprisingly, ovalbumin belongs to the serpin family although it lacks any protease inhibitory activity. We review here what is known about the amino acid sequence, post-translational modifications and tertiary structure of ovalbumin. The properties of ovalbumin are discussed in relation to their possible functional significance. These include reasons for failure of ovalbumin to undergo a typical serpin conformational change involving the reactive centre loop, which explains why ovalbumin is not a protease inhibitor, and also the natural conversion of ovalbumin to the more stable "S" form.

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