Histone Acetylation and Disease

Cell Mol Life Sci. 2001 May;58(5-6):728-36. doi: 10.1007/pl00000896.

Abstract

Differential acetylation of histones and transcription factors plays an important regulatory role in developmental processes, proliferation and differentiation. Aberrant acetylation or deacetylation leads to such diverse disorders as leukemia, epithelial cancers, fragile X syndrome and Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. The various groups of histone acetyltransferases (CBP/p300, GNAT, MYST, nuclear receptor coactivators and TAFII250) and histone deacetylases are surveyed with regard to their possible or known involvement in cancer progression and human developmental disorders. Current treatment strategies are discussed, which are still mostly limited to histone deacetylase inhibitors such as trichostatin A and butyrate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Differentiation
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Disease*
  • Fragile X Syndrome / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Silencing
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism
  • Histones / chemistry*
  • Histones / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Neoplasms / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription Factor TFIID*
  • Translocation, Genetic / genetics

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Histones
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factor TFIID
  • Acetyltransferases
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • KAT7 protein, human
  • KAT8 protein, human
  • TATA-binding protein associated factor 250 kDa
  • Histone Deacetylases