Cell adhesion mediated by integrin receptors is controlled by intracellular signal transduction cascades. Cytohesin-1 is an integrin-binding protein and guanine nucleotide exchange factor that activates binding of the leukocyte integrin leukocyte function antigen-1 to its ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule 1. Cytohesin-1 bears a carboxyl-terminal pleckstrin homology domain that aids in reversible membrane recruitment and functional regulation of the protein. Although phosphoinositide-dependent membrane attachment of cytohesin-1 is mediated primarily by the pleckstrin homology domain, this function is further strengthened by a short carboxyl-terminal polybasic amino acid sequence. We show here that a serine/threonine motif within the short polybasic stretch of cytohesin-1 is phosphorylated by purified protein kinase C delta in vitro. Furthermore, the respective residues are also found to be phosphorylated after phorbol ester stimulation in vivo. Biochemical and functional analyses show that phosphorylated cytohesin-1 is able to tightly associate with the actin cytoskeleton, and we further demonstrate that phosphorylation of the protein is required for maximal leukocyte function antigen-1-mediated adhesion of Jurkat cells to intercellular adhesion molecule 1. These data suggest that both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase C-dependent intracellular pathways that stimulate beta(2)-integrin-mediated adhesion of T lymphocytes converge on cytohesin-1 as functional integrator.