Women's use of contraception in rural India: a village-level study

Health Place. 2001 Sep;7(3):197-208. doi: 10.1016/s1353-8292(01)00009-0.


This paper examines the determinants of contraceptive use among married women in four villages in rural West Bengal, India. It uses primary quantitative data obtained from a survey of 600 women and qualitative data derived from ethnographic methods. Bi- and multi-variate analyses demonstrate that the factors that most influence a woman's use of contraception include her age, the number of living sons she has, and her religious affiliation. The study also shows that the availability and quality of permanent village-based government health care affects the use of modern contraception. The use of temporary family planning methods is negligible in the area.

MeSH terms

  • Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Contraceptive Devices / statistics & numerical data
  • Discriminant Analysis
  • Family Characteristics*
  • Family Planning Services*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Parity
  • Rural Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Rural Population
  • Women's Health Services*