By reducing TGF beta 1, octreotide lessens the peritoneal derangements induced by a high glucose solution

J Nephrol. 2001 May-Jun;14(3):184-9.


Background: Chronic peritoneal dialysis may eventually result in peritoneal fibrosis, which progressively reduces dialytic efficacy. Although the pathogenesis has not been elucidated, it has been proposed that transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta 1) plays a central role in the onset of peritoneal fibrosis.

Methods: Rats were divided into three groups and given saline, hypertonic peritoneal dialysis solution alone, a hypertonic peritoneal dialysis solution plus octreotide intraperitoneally. After four weeks, a one-hour peritoneal equilibration test was done. Dialysate-to-plasma urea ratio, glucose reabsorption, ultrafiltration volume and levels of dialysate protein, TGF beta 1 and cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) were determined. The peritoneal membrane was examined histologically by light microscopy.

Results: Compared to the saline group, peritoneal function tests (ultrafiltration volume 6 (5-7) vs 0.0 ml, dialysate-to-plasma urea ratio 0.51 vs 0.76, glucose reabsorption 0.54 vs 0.40 and morphology (thickness 4.5 vs 75.5 microns) were dramatically deranged in hypertonic peritoneal dialysis solution-treated rats, which also had a higher level of TGF beta 1 and undetectable CA 125. In contrast, in hypertonic peritoneal dialysis solution plus octreotide rats' peritoneal function was protected (ultrafiltration volume 3 mL, dialysate-to-plasma urea 0.60, glucose reabsorption 0.51) but peritoneal thickening (37.7 microns) was not so markedly reduced although the production of TGF beta 1 was significantly inhibited.

Conclusion: These data show that by inhibiting the production of TGF beta 1, octreotide can preserve peritoneal function and remodeling of the mesothelial cell. Although the production of TGF beta 1 was significantly inhibited, peritoneal thickening cannot be completely prevented.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Glucose / administration & dosage*
  • Male
  • Octreotide / therapeutic use*
  • Peritoneum / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Solutions
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1


  • Solutions
  • Tgfb1 protein, rat
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • Glucose
  • Octreotide