The two-pore-domain K(+) channel, TASK-1, was recently shown to be a target of receptor-mediated regulation in neurons and in adrenal glomerulosa cells. Here, we demonstrate that TASK-1 expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes is inhibited by different Ca(2+)-mobilizing agonists. Lysophosphatidic acid, via its endogenous receptor, and ANG II and carbachol, via their heterologously expressed ANG II type 1a and M(1) muscarinic receptors, respectively, inhibit TASK-1. This effect can be mimicked by guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate), indicating the involvement of GTP-binding protein(s). The phospholipase C inhibitor U-73122 reduced the receptor-mediated inhibition of TASK-1. Downstream signals of phospholipase C action (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration, and diacylglycerol) do not mediate the inhibition. Unlike the G(q)-coupled receptors, stimulation of the G(i)-activating M(2) muscarinic receptor coexpressed with TASK-1 results in an only minimal decrease of the TASK-1 current. However, additional coexpression of phospholipase C-beta(2) (which is responsive also to G(i) beta gamma-subunits) renders M(2) receptor activation effective. This indicates the significance of phospholipase C activity in the receptor-mediated inhibition of TASK-1.