Interactive technology assessment and wide reflective equilibrium

J Med Philos. 2001 Jun;26(3):245-61. doi: 10.1076/jmep.


Interactive technology assessment (iTA) provides an answer to the ethical problem of normative bias in evaluation research. This normative bias develops when relevant perspectives on the evaluand (the thing being evaluated) are neglected. In iTA this bias is overcome by incorporating different perspectives into the assessment. As a consequence, justification of decisions based on the assessment is provided by stakeholders having achieved agreement. In this article, agreement is identified with wide reflective equilibrium to show that it indeed has the potential of justifying decisions. We work out several conditions for this agreement to be achievable and just.

MeSH terms

  • Consensus
  • Decision Making
  • Ethics*
  • Netherlands
  • Observer Variation
  • Research Design / standards
  • Social Justice
  • Social Values*
  • Technology Assessment, Biomedical / methods*
  • Technology Assessment, Biomedical / standards