Over-expression of inducible HSP70 chaperone suppresses neuropathology and improves motor function in SCA1 mice

Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Jul 1;10(14):1511-8. doi: 10.1093/hmg/10.14.1511.


Many neurodegenerative diseases are caused by gain-of-function mechanisms in which the disease-causing protein is altered, becomes toxic to the cell, and aggregates. Among these 'proteinopathies' are Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, prion disorders and polyglutamine diseases. Members of this latter group, also known as triplet repeat diseases, are caused by the expansion of unstable CAG repeats coding for glutamine within the respective proteins. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is one such disease, characterized by loss of motor coordination due to the degeneration of cerebellar Purkinje cells and brain stem neurons. In SCA1 and several other polyglutamine diseases, the expanded protein aggregates into nuclear inclusions (NIs). Because these NIs accumulate molecular chaperones, ubiquitin and proteasomal subunits--all components of the cellular protein re-folding and degradation machinery--we hypothesized that protein misfolding and impaired protein clearance might underlie the pathogenesis of polyglutamine diseases. Over-expressing specific chaperones reduces protein aggregation in transfected cells and suppresses neurodegeneration in invertebrate animal models of polyglutamine disorders. To determine whether enhancing chaperone activity could mitigate the phenotype in a mammalian model, we crossbred SCA1 mice with mice over-expressing a molecular chaperone (inducible HSP70 or iHSP70). We found that high levels of HSP70 did indeed afford protection against neurodegeneration.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ataxin-1
  • Ataxins
  • Brain Stem / pathology
  • Cerebellum / pathology
  • Gene Expression
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Inclusion Bodies / genetics
  • Inclusion Bodies / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Motor Activity*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / pathology
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Neurons / pathology
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / genetics*
  • Purkinje Cells / pathology
  • Trinucleotide Repeats / genetics*


  • Ataxin-1
  • Ataxins
  • Atxn1 protein, mouse
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins