The cytoplasmic adaptor protein SLP-65 (BLNK or BASH) is a critical downstream effector of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR). Tyrosine-phosphorylated SLP-65 assembles intracellular signaling complexes such as the Ca(2 +) initiation complex encompassing phospholipase C-gamma2 and Bruton's tyrosine kinase. It is, however, unclear how the SLP-65 signaling module can be recruited to the plasma membrane. Here we show that following B cell stimulation, SLP-65 associates directly with the BCR signaling subunit, the Ig-alpha / Ig-beta heterodimer. The interaction is mediated by the Src homology 2 domain of SLP-65 and the phosphorylated Ig-alpha tyrosine 204, which is located outside of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif. Our data identify an unexpected BCR phosphorylation pattern and indicate that Ig-alpha has the capability to serve as transmembrane adaptor in BCR signaling.