Congenital laryngeal anomalies. Laryngeal atresia, stenosis, webs, and clefts

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2000 Dec;33(6):1293-308. doi: 10.1016/s0030-6665(05)70282-6.


Congenital laryngeal anomalies may occur as a result of defects in normal prenatal development. They are associated with a broad spectrum of symptoms and require treatment ranging from observation alone to complex open airway surgery. The treating otolaryngologist must organize a management strategy focused on timely diagnosis, ensuring a safe airway, and maximum conservation of respiratory, phonatory, and swallowing ability.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Hypopharynx / anatomy & histology*
  • Laryngeal Diseases* / congenital
  • Laryngeal Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Laryngeal Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Laryngeal Diseases* / therapy