Choanal atresia, CHARGE association, and congenital nasal stenosis

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2000 Dec;33(6):1343-51, viii. doi: 10.1016/s0030-6665(05)70285-1.


Congenital bilateral narrowing or obstruction of the nasal airway can result in significant respiratory distress in the neonate, requiring emergency intervention. Some of these children have associated congenital malformations that may also impact on the management of the nasal anomaly. The embryology, presentation, and management of this spectrum of disorders are discussed, and the major surgical controversies are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Choanal Atresia* / embryology
  • Choanal Atresia* / physiopathology
  • Choanal Atresia* / surgery
  • Choanal Atresia* / therapy
  • Constriction, Pathologic / congenital
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Nasal Cavity / abnormalities*