Purpose: To clarify the usefulness of multilayer amniotic membrane transplantation in an unusual case of calcareous corneal degeneration in a patient with graft-versus-host disease.
Methods: A 20-year-old Caucasian woman had bilateral calcareous corneal degeneration of one year of evolution, secondary to graft-versus-host disease. Treatment for both eyes with topical steroids and antibiotic ointment was not successful. Right eye had a spontaneous corneal perforation, and a three-layer circle amniotic membrane graft was applied to the whole cornea.
Results: During a follow-up period of 20 months we observed stability of the corneal epithelium and stroma. The amniotic membrane-covered area showed rapid epithelization, reduced inflammation and suppressed fibrosis formation.
Conclusions: Multilayer amniotic membrane transplantation may be considered an alterantive for reconstructing the ocular surface in a patient with severe dry eyes and calcareous corneal degeneration, even with little perforation.