The goal of this study was the induction of a strong CTL response against multiple CTL epitopes present in HIV proteins using short synthetic peptides. Four HLA-A2.1 restricted peptides (RT 476-484, p17 77-85, gp41 814-823, RT 956-964) that showed stable binding to the HLA-A2.1 molecule in an in vitro binding assay were able to elicit a strong specific immune response in HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice when injected with IFA or Montanide. The use of biodegradable microspheres (MS) as adjuvant was also successfully tested for all peptides. When the peptides were injected as a mixture the response was weaker as compared to individual injections of the peptides indicating the occurrence of immunodominance (ID). We are currently investigating whether ID can be overcome by a combined injection of peptide loaded MS with different release patterns. Taken together, it seems feasible to induce a specific CTL response in HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice against several HIV proteins using short synthetic peptides and human compatible adjuvants.