Reanimation of the paralyzed eyelid with the enhanced palpebral spring or the gold weight: modern replacements for tarsorrhaphy

Facial Plast Surg. 2000;16(4):325-36. doi: 10.1055/s-2000-15548.


The enhanced palpebral spring and the gold weight are the modern devices that should nearly completely replace tarsorrhaphy in the management of ocular problems secondary to facial paralysis. They actually reanimate the lid, rather than merely hold the lids closed in a disfigured position, as does tarsorrhaphy. The surgical techniques of each procedure, results, and pros and cons of each are compared. Personal experience with over 1400 spring implantations is discussed, as is experience with the use of bandage contact lenses in lieu of lid surgery. The gold weight implantation is simpler to learn and perform than the enhanced spring procedure, in which the levator is tightened in addition to implanting the spring. However, when it is really important to close the eye well, the spring is the superior procedure. Unlike the weight, the spring closes the eye well in the supine position, such as when the patient sleeps.

MeSH terms

  • Contact Lenses
  • Eyelid Diseases / etiology*
  • Eyelid Diseases / surgery*
  • Eyelids / surgery*
  • Facial Paralysis / complications*
  • Gold
  • Humans
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / methods
  • Prostheses and Implants
  • Prosthesis Implantation


  • Gold