Factors associated with perceived quality of life many years after traumatic brain injury

J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2001 Aug;16(4):330-42. doi: 10.1097/00001199-200108000-00004.


Objectives: To explore factors associated with perceived quality of life (QOL) 8 to 24 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Participants: Two hundred seventy-five individuals who sustained moderate to severe TBI who were discharged from a rehabilitation hospital participated in this study. We interviewed consenting participants up to 24 years after injury.

Outcome measures: Self-rated Quality of Life Scale.

Results: Multivariate linear regression analyses revealed that perceived mental health, self-rated health, gender (women rating QOL higher), participation in work and leisure, and the availability of emotional support were significantly associated with QOL (P <.05).

Conclusion: The importance of designing ongoing support programs to further reintegrate TBI survivors several years after injury is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / psychology*
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Support*
  • Trail Making Test