Background/aims: Multiple genetic alterations are involved in the development of pancreatic neoplasm. Here we investigated the incidence of p53, ras, bcl-2 and c-erbB-2 gene alterations in intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors and invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas by immunohistochemical method to identify and analyze their relationship in terms of these genetic alterations.
Methodology: Fifty-four pancreatic lesions, including 18 benign (hyperplasia (3) and intraductal papillary adenoma (15)), and 16 malignant (carcinoma in situ (2) and intraductal papillary adenocarcinoma (14)) cases of intraductal papillary-mucinous tumor; and 20 cases of invasive ductal adenocarcinoma, were immunostained by avidin-biotin peroxidase conjugate method.
Results: p53 and rasp21 expressions were significantly greater in malignant intraductal (P < 0.01, P < 0.05) and invasive ductal (P < 0.01, P < 0.01) tumors than in benign intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors; while bcl-2 and c-erbB-2 expressions were significantly greater in invasive ductal adenocarcinoma than both benign (P < 0.01, P < 0.05) and malignant (P < 0.05, P < 0.05) intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors.
Conclusions: Different groups of genetic alterations are involved in different phases of pancreatic tumorigenesis. p53 and ras gene alterations occur at an early stage during the development of intraductal papillary-mucinous tumor, while additional alterations of bcl-2 and c-erbB-2 occur during the development of invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.