Selective insulin signaling through A and B insulin receptors regulates transcription of insulin and glucokinase genes in pancreatic beta cells

Mol Cell. 2001 Mar;7(3):559-70. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(01)00203-9.


Insulin signaling is mediated by a complex network of diverging and converging pathways, with alternative proteins and isoforms at almost every step in the process. We show here that insulin activates the transcription of its own gene and that of the beta cell glucokinase gene (betaGK) by different mechanisms. Whereas insulin gene transcription is promoted by signaling through insulin receptor A type (Ex11-), PI3K class Ia, and p70s6k, insulin stimulates the betaGK gene by signaling via insulin receptor B type (Ex11+), PI3K class II-like activity, and PKB (c-Akt). Our data provide evidence for selectivity in insulin action via the two isoforms of the insulin receptor, the molecular basis being preferential signaling through different PI3K and protein kinases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Glucokinase / genetics*
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glucose / pharmacology
  • Insulin / genetics*
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Islets of Langerhans / drug effects*
  • Islets of Langerhans / enzymology
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • RNA Stability
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptor, Insulin / metabolism*
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects*


  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type
  • Insulin
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Glucokinase
  • Receptor, Insulin
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases
  • Glucose