Evaluation of Binax Now Streptococcus Pneumoniae Urinary Antigen Test in Children in a Community With a High Carriage Rate of Pneumococcus

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Jul;20(7):718-9. doi: 10.1097/00006454-200107000-00018.

Abstract

Pneumococcal antigen was present in urine from 49 of 102 well Gambian children. Eighty-nine of the 102 were nasopharyngeal carriers of pneumococci. The positive predictive value for carriage was 96%, and the negative predictive value was 22%. The test is not useful for predicting etiology of disease in populations with a high rate of nasopharyngeal carriage of pneumococci.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, Bacterial / urine*
  • Carrier State / urine
  • Child, Preschool
  • Community-Acquired Infections / diagnosis
  • Community-Acquired Infections / urine
  • Gambia
  • Humans
  • Nasopharynx / microbiology
  • Pneumococcal Infections / diagnosis*
  • Pneumococcal Infections / immunology
  • Pneumococcal Infections / urine*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / immunology*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification

Substances

  • Antigens, Bacterial