Timing and magnitude of peak height velocity and peak tissue velocities for early, average, and late maturing boys and girls

Am J Hum Biol. Jan-Feb 2001;13(1):1-8. doi: 10.1002/1520-6300(200101/02)13:1<1::AID-AJHB1000>3.0.CO;2-S.

Abstract

Height, weight, and tissue accrual were determined in 60 male and 53 female adolescents measured annually over six years using standard anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Annual velocities were derived, and the ages and magnitudes of peak height and peak tissue velocities were determined using a cubic spline fit to individual data. Individuals were rank ordered on the basis of sex and age at peak height velocity (PHV) and then divided into quartiles: early (lowest quartile), average (middle two quartiles), and late (highest quartile) maturers. Sex- and maturity-related comparisons in ages and magnitudes of peak height and peak tissue velocities were made. Males reached peak velocities significantly later than females for all tissues and had significantly greater magnitudes at peak. The age at PHV was negatively correlated with the magnitude of PHV in both sexes. At a similar maturity point (age at PHV) there were no differences in weight or fat mass among maturity groups in both sexes. Late maturing males, however, accrued more bone mineral and lean mass and were taller at the age of PHV compared to early maturers. Thus, maturational status (early, average, or late maturity) as indicated by age at PHV is inversely related to the magnitude of PHV in both sexes. At a similar maturational point there are no differences between early and late maturers for weight and fat mass in boys and girls.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Composition / physiology*
  • Body Constitution / physiology*
  • Body Height / physiology*
  • Body Weight / physiology*
  • Child
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Nutritional Status
  • Puberty / physiology*
  • Saskatchewan
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Time Factors