Computer prediction of sites associated with various elements of the nuclear matrix

Brief Bioinform. 2000 Feb;1(1):33-44. doi: 10.1093/bib/1.1.33.


Attachment regions of the eukaryotic chromosomal DNA to the nuclear scaffold/matrix (S/MARs) participate in various important cellular processes. However, no obvious characteristics common for these nucleotide sequences have been revealed, except that S/MARs are non-coding sites containing putative regulatory elements and binding sites of DNA-topoisomerase II. Heterogeneity among S/MARs can be caused by a variety of biological factors. In this paper, the accuracy of two S/MARs prediction programs, MAR-Finder (Singh, Kramer and Krawetz, 1997) and ChrClass (Glazkov, Rogozin and Glazko, 1998) are compared and it is concluded that both programs can be recommended for analysis of eukaryotic genomes. However, results of their prediction should be interpreted with caution since estimation of prediction accuracy of both programs needs further analysis. Problems of S/MARs prediction are illustrated on several examples of human protein-coding genes, repeated elements and the beta-globin locus from different mammalian species. Results of our analysis suggest that the proportion of missed S/MARs is lower for ChrClass, whereas the proportion of wrong S/MARs is lower for MAR-Finder (a default set of parameters).

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Computational Biology* / methods
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / genetics
  • Genes*
  • Globins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mammals
  • Nuclear Matrix / chemistry
  • Nuclear Matrix / genetics*
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods
  • Software


  • Proteins
  • Globins
  • DNA