Coronary artery bypass grafting with and without cardiopulmonary bypass: a comparison analysis

J Extra Corpor Technol. 2001 May;33(2):86-90.


Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using stabilization devices in place of the heart-lung machine is being performed on a wide range of patients. This study retrospectively compared the performance of off-pump coronary artery grafting bypass (OPCAB) with conventional bypass patients over the same 6-month period at The Medical University of South Carolina. Data were collected and compared from the National Cardiac Database of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). Parameters studied included age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), previous myocardial infarction (MI), disease severity, number of grafts, complications, blood usage, ventilation times, operating room (OR) time, and hospital length of stay (LOS). There were no significant difference between the patient groups with regard to age, gender, LVEF, previous MI, predicted mortality, and LOS. Operative mortality was also similar in the two groups: conventional bypass 4/117 (3%) and OPCAB 2/86 (2%). The conventional bypass patients (CPB) had significantly (p < 0.05) more diseased vessels (2.9 vs. 2.6) and distal grafts (4.1 vs. 2.7), as compared to the OPCAB group. OPCAB procedures resulted in significantly (p < 0.05) lower mean OR time (365 min vs. 406 min) and reduced mean postoperative ventilation hours (3.4 vs. 8.3 hours), as compared to conventional bypass. There were significantly (p < 0.05) fewer blood transfusions in the OPCAB group (1.1 units vs. 2.4 units), and the percentage of patients transfused blood was significantly less (34.9% vs. 57.3%). Nine out of 95 (9.5%) of patients who presented for OPCAB were converted to conventional bypass. Although there may be potential benefits to OPCAB, further studies must be directed at determining those patients who would benefit most from CABG using the off-pump technique.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass*
  • Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*
  • Erythrocyte Transfusion / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • South Carolina
  • Treatment Outcome*