Myc and mammary cancer: Myc is a downstream effector of the ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase

J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2001 Jan;6(1):141-50. doi: 10.1023/a:1009528918064.

Abstract

The proto-oncogene c-myc encodes a transcription factor which plays a major role in the regulation of normal cellular proliferation and is aberrantly expressed in many breast tumors. In a normal cell Myc expression levels are tightly regulated being subject to many layers of control. Errantly expressed Myc collaborates with other oncogenes to promote transformation. In this review we will focus on the association between abnormal Myc expression and mammary cancer. In particular, we will discuss the role of Myc as a downstream effector of the ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase which is overexpressed and constitutively activate in many mammary tumors. The cooperation between Myc and ErbB2 in transformation will be discussed in relation to clinical studies on Myc in human cancer and with consideration of transgenic models of Myc-induced mammary cancer. Data from our laboratory will be presented showing that deregulated ErbB2 activity strongly stimulates cytoplasmic signaling pathways which in turn impinge on Myc at multiple levels causing its deregulated expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / physiology*
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology

Substances

  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Receptor, ErbB-2