Six non-clonally related enterobacterial isolates producing a same extended-spectrum beta-lactamase CTX-M-15 were isolated in 1999 from patients hospitalized in a New Delhi hospital. CTX-M-15 differed from CTX-M-3 by an asparagine to glycine substitution in position ABL238. Its gene was located on large plasmids varying in size. In each case, a same insertion sequence ISEcp1 was identified upstream of the 5' end of bla(CTX-M-15). Typical -35 and -10 promoter sequences of Enterobacteriaceae were identified in the 3' end of ISEcp1. The location of ISEcp1 upstream of plasmid-mediated CTX-M-type beta-lactamase genes may contribute to their spread or/and their expression.