Cause-specific mortality in a cohort of patients with diabetes mellitus: a population-based study in Sweden

J Clin Epidemiol. 2001 Aug;54(8):802-9. doi: 10.1016/s0895-4356(01)00342-0.


A cohort of patients with diabetes mellitus hospitalised in Sweden from 1965 to 1983 was followed up until 1989, by linkages of population-based registers. Standardised mortality ratios (SMR), adjusted for confounding variables, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. After exclusion of the first year of follow-up (to reduce the effect of selection bias), the cohort consisted of 144,427 patients, of whom 92,248 patients died during follow-up. The SMR for all causes of death combined was 2.62 (95% CI 2.58-2.67) among men and 3.23 (95% CI 3.18-3.28) among women. The excess mortality was still evident 20 years after first hospitalisation, but became less marked with longer follow-up time. Patients with presumably insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) had the highest SMRs (10.2; CI 9.5-11.0); however, there was a significant (34%) improvement over time in their mortality risk. We conclude that excess mortality persisted throughout all calendar periods and at all ages, indicating the need for health care prevention measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cause of Death*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / mortality*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Surveillance*
  • Sweden / epidemiology