We describe the generation of a P1 artificial chromosome genomic library from the Southern pufferfish, Spheroides nephelus. The arrayed library consists of approximately 30,000 clones and has an average insert size of 125-150 kb. The coverage is estimated to encompass seven to eight genome equivalents. The library has been used for isolating numerous genomic clones and for establishing contigs of several multigene families. Analysis of several of the clones from this library suggests a preponderance of CA repeat tracts relative to their abundance in humans. The library and high-density filters have been made available to the scientific public through genomics distribution companies.