Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by a poikilodermatous rash starting in infancy, small stature, skeletal abnormalities, juvenile cataracts, and predisposition to specific cancers. We have identified a contemporary cohort of 41 patients to better define the clinical profile, diagnostic criteria, and management of patients with RTS. Patients with the diagnosis of RTS were ascertained by referrals from dermatology, ophthalmology, genetics, and oncology or from direct contact with the patient's family. Medical information was obtained from interviews with physicians, patients, and their parents and a review of medical records. The age range at ascertainment was 9 months to 42 years (28 males and 13 females; M:F, 2:1). All subjects displayed a characteristic rash. Thirteen subjects had osteosarcoma (OS) (32%), eight had radial defects (20%), seven had gastrointestinal findings (17%), two had cataracts (6%), and one had skin cancer (2%). Twenty-two of 28 patients without OS were less than 15 years old and thus remain at significant risk for this tumor. This case-series study reveals a clinical profile of RTS that includes a higher prevalence of OS and fewer cataracts, compared with historical reports. These differences may reflect either allelic or genetic heterogeneity. This study documents the frequency of clinical anomalies in a contemporary cohort of RTS patients and revises guidelines for diagnosis and management of RTS.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.