Drug interference in clinical chemistry: recommendation of drugs and their concentrations to be used in drug interference studies

Ann Clin Biochem. 2001 Jul;38(Pt 4):376-85. doi: 10.1258/0004563011900696.


A group of international experts prepared two lists of drugs with their serum/plasma and urine concentrations, which should be used when evaluating the performance of a new laboratory method. The two lists were verified by running in vitro interference studies in three European laboratories on Hitachi instruments. The study identified the following new interferants: acid phosphatase in serum by ibuprofen and theophylline; non-prostatic acid phosphatase in serum by cefoxitin and doxycycline; creatine kinase MB in serum by doxycycline; total bilirubin in serum (Jendrassik-Grof method) by rifampicin and intralipid; total bilirubin in serum (DPD method) by intralipid; creatinine in serum (Jaffe method) by cefoxitin; fructosamine in serum by levodopa and methyldopa; uric acid in serum by levodopa, methyldopa and tetracycline; carbamazepine in serum by doxycycline, levodopa, methyldopa and metronidazole; digitoxin in serum by rifampicin; phenytoin in serum by doxycycline, ibuprofen, metronidazole and theophylline; theophylline in serum by acetaminophen, cefoxitin, doxycycline, levodopa, phenylbutazone and rifampicin; tobramycin in serum by cefoxitin, doxycycline, levodopa, rifampicin and phenylbutazone; valproic acid in serum by phenylbutazone; C3 in serum by intralipid; C4 in serum by doxycycline; rheumatoid factor in serum by ibuprofen and metronidazole; pancreatic amylase and total amylase in urine by acetylcysteine, ascorbic acid, cefoxitin, gentamicin, levodopa, methyldopa and ofloxacin; magnesium in urine by acetylcysteine, gentamicin and methyldopa; beta2-microglobulin in urine by ascorbic acid; total protein in urine by ascorbic acid, Ca-dobesilate and phenylbutazone. Interference in acid phosphatase, creatine kinase MB and bilirubin methods was observed at very low analyte concentrations, and therefore it may not be evident at higher concentrations. The study confirmed the usefulness of the recommendation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Chemical Analysis / instrumentation
  • Blood Chemical Analysis / methods*
  • Blood Chemical Analysis / standards*
  • Chemistry, Clinical / instrumentation
  • Chemistry, Clinical / methods*
  • Chemistry, Clinical / standards*
  • Clinical Enzyme Tests / methods
  • Clinical Enzyme Tests / standards
  • Europe
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Laboratories / standards
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / blood*
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Substance-Related Disorders / blood
  • Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations