Novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein for treatment of anemia in chronic renal insufficiency

Kidney Int. 2001 Aug;60(2):741-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2001.060002741.x.


Background: Novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein (NESP) is a glycoprotein with a threefold longer terminal half-life than recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in humans. The aim of this study was to determine whether NESP is effective for the treatment of anemia at a reduced dosing frequency relative to rHuEPO in patients with chronic renal failure not yet on dialysis [chronic renal insufficiency (CRI)].

Methods: This was a multicenter, randomized, open-label study. A total of 166 rHuEPO-naive patients with CRI were randomized in a 3:1 ratio to receive NESP (0.45 microg/kg once weekly) or rHuEPO (50 U/kg twice weekly) administered subcutaneously for up to 24 weeks. Dose adjustments were made as necessary to achieve a hemoglobin response, defined as an increase > or =1.0 g/dL from baseline and a concentration > or = 11.0 g/dL.

Results: During the 24-week treatment period, 93% (95% CI, 87 to 97%) of patients receiving NESP and 92% (95% CI, 78 to 98%) of patients receiving rHuEPO achieved a hemoglobin response. The median time to response was seven weeks (range of 3 to 25 weeks) in both groups. After correction of anemia, mean hemoglobin concentrations were maintained within the target range of 11.0 to 13.0 g/dL for the remainder of the 24-week treatment period. The safety profiles of NESP and rHuEPO were similar, and no antibodies were detected to either drug.

Conclusions: These results demonstrate that NESP safely and effectively corrects and maintains hemoglobin concentrations at a reduced dosing frequency relative to rHuEPO in patients with CRI, providing a potential benefit to patients and health care providers.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anemia / drug therapy*
  • Anemia / etiology
  • Erythropoietin / administration & dosage*
  • Erythropoietin / adverse effects
  • Erythropoietin / analogs & derivatives
  • Female
  • Hemoglobins
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Hemoglobins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Erythropoietin