Value of Tc-99m sestamibi scintigraphy in the detection of bone lesions in multiple myeloma: comparison with Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate

Ann Hematol. 2001 Jun;80(6):349-53. doi: 10.1007/s002770100302.

Abstract

Technetium 99m-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-99m MIBI) is a lipophilic agent that accumulates preferentially within living malignant cells due to the higher transmembrane electrical potential as a consequence of the higher metabolic rate than in the surrounding normal cells. It has been effectively used to detect malignant tumors at diagnosis and follow-up and has been reported to be useful in detecting disease lesions in multiple myeloma. We studied 28 consecutive patients with multiple myeloma at diagnosis to determine the value of Tc-99m MIBI in comparison with Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP), conventional X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scan, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We found 26 patients with obvious osteolytic lesions in X-rays, 22 patients with positive Tc-99m MIBI scans, and 15 patients with positive Tc-99m MDP scans. There was no coincidence of the positive lesions in the two scans, while in two patients the osteolytic areas were positive in the Tc-99m MDP scans, and in one case the osteolytic area was positive in the Tc-99m MIBI scan. The intensity of Tc-99m MIBI scans correlated with disease activity as determined by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (p<0.05), C-reactive protein (CRP) (p<0.01), beta2-microglobulin (p<0.05), and serum ferritin (p<0.01). We believe that Tc-99m MIBI scintigraphy can detect bone marrow lesions in myeloma patients that cannot be detected by other imaging methods and that it can be useful especially in solitary myeloma to exclude other involved sites. In addition, it could be a prognostic factor related to disease activity and multidrug resistance. We believe that a multicenter study is needed to evaluate the usefulness of this agent.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Myeloma / diagnosis
  • Multiple Myeloma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Multiple Myeloma / pathology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiography
  • Radionuclide Imaging / standards
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Technetium Tc 99m Medronate / standards
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi* / standards

Substances

  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
  • Technetium Tc 99m Medronate