Arsenic extraction and speciation in carrots using accelerated solvent extraction, liquid chromatography and plasma mass spectrometry

Analyst. 2001 Jul;126(7):1011-7. doi: 10.1039/b102420p.


Arsenic present in freeze-dried carrots was extracted using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE). Several parameters, including selection of the dispersing agent, extraction time, number of extraction cycles, particle size and extraction temperature, were evaluated to optimize the ASE method. Filtering and treatment with C-18 SPE cartridges were also evaluated as part of the sample preparation procedure before speciation analysis. The method was validated by spiking single arsenical and mixed arsenical standards on the dispersing agent and on portions of freeze-dried carrot prior to extraction. LC-ICP-MS was used to determine individual arsenic species in the carrot extracts. A weak anion-exchange column was used for the separation of As(III), As(v), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid and arsenobetaine. Optimized sample preparation conditions were applied to the extraction of arsenic in nine freeze-dried carrot samples. Total arsenic concentration in the carrot samples ranged from less than 20 ng g(-1) to 18.7 microg g(-1), dry mass. Extraction efficiency, defined as the ratio of the sum of individual arsenic species concentrations to total arsenic, ranged from 80 to 102% for freeze-dried carrots with arsenic concentrations greater than the limit of quantitation. Inorganic As(III) and As(v) were the only species found in samples that contained less than 400 ng g(-1) total arsenic. MMA and an unidentified arsenic compound were present in some of the samples with higher total arsenic content.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arsenic / analysis*
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Daucus carota / chemistry*
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Arsenic