Estimates suggest that the 22q11.2 deletion occurs in approximately 1 in 4000 live births, making this disorder a significant health concern in the general population. The 22q11.2 deletion has been identified in the majority of patients with DiGeorge syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome, and conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, suggesting that they are phenotypic variants of the same disorder. The findings associated with the 22q11.2 deletion are extensive and highly variable from patient to patient. In this chapter, we discuss the features of this disorder, with an emphasis on the clinical findings and an approach to the evaluation of these patients. In addition, we present the current understanding at the molecular level, of the genomic mechanisms and genes that are likely to play a central role in causing this frequent genetic condition.