Prediction of severe coronary artery disease and long-term outcome in patients undergoing vasodilator SPECT

J Nucl Cardiol. 2001 Jul-Aug;8(4):438-44. doi: 10.1067/mnc.2001.114520.


Background: Vasodilator perfusion imaging has not been extensively evaluated for predicting severe coronary artery disease (CAD) or long-term prognosis.

Methods and results: The goals of this study were to develop a model to predict left main/3-vessel CAD in patients undergoing vasodilator thallium 201 imaging and coronary angiography (angiographic population) and to test the long-term prognostic value of this model in a separate cohort of patients who were not referred for angiography (prognostic population). In the angiographic population (n = 653) the chi2 value of the clinical model (containing the variables age, sex, and prior myocardial infarction) in the prediction of severe CAD was 32. The addition of 3 vasodilator Tl-201 variables (magnitude of ST-segment depression, summed reversibility score, and increased lung uptake) increased the model chi2 value to 114 (P <.001). Only 9% of predicted low-risk patients versus 57% of predicted high-risk patients had severe CAD. In the prognostic population (n = 521) survival rates free of cardiac death or myocardial infarction at 7 years were 91%, 73%, and 51%, respectively, for patient groups predicted to be at low, intermediate, and high risk of severe CAD (P <.001).

Conclusions: Clinical and vasodilator Tl-201 variables can accurately predict the risk of severe CAD. Stress Tl-201 variables add incremental information to clinical variables. The same model also predicts patient outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine
  • Aged
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Dipyridamole
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Models, Statistical
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*
  • Vasodilator Agents*


  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Dipyridamole
  • Adenosine