Work, recovery activities, and individual well-being: a diary study

J Occup Health Psychol. 2001 Jul;6(3):196-210.


This study extends previous research on respite from work and addresses the question of how individuals use their leisure time to recover from work. It is hypothesized that time spent on work-related and household activities has a negative effect on well-being, whereas low-effort, social, and physical activities are assumed to have a positive effect. One hundred Dutch teachers completed a diary on leisure time activities and situational well-being for 5 days, and work situation variables were assessed with a questionnaire. Multilevel analyses in which preleisure well-being and work situation variables were entered as control variables supported 4 of the 5 hypotheses. Moreover, a lagged effect of high time pressure on poor situational well-being was found. The study showed that leisure time activities and a low-stress work situation contribute independently to an individual's well-being.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Faculty / statistics & numerical data*
  • Holistic Health
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities / psychology*
  • Netherlands
  • Occupational Health*
  • Psychometrics
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Work / physiology
  • Work / psychology*