Symmetric facilitation between motor cortices during contraction of ipsilateral hand muscles

Exp Brain Res. 2001 Jul;139(1):101-5. doi: 10.1007/s002210100758.

Abstract

Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the contralateral motor cortex, motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from resting abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscles of eight subjects while they either rested or produced one of six levels of force with the APB ipsilateral to the TMS. F-waves were recorded from each APB at rest in response to median nerve stimulation while subjects either rested or produced one of two levels of force with their contralateral APB. Contraction of the APB ipsilateral to TMS produced facilitation of the MEPs recorded from resting APB and FDI muscles contralateral to TMS but did not modulate F-wave amplitude. Negligible asymmetries in MEP facilitation were observed between dominant and subdominant hands. These results suggest that facilitation arising from isometric contraction of ipsilateral hand muscles occurs primarily at supraspinal levels, and this occurs symmetrically between dominant and subdominant hemispheres.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Corpus Callosum / physiology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Electromyography
  • Evoked Potentials, Motor / physiology*
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality / physiology*
  • Hand / innervation*
  • Hand / physiology
  • Humans
  • Magnetics
  • Male
  • Median Nerve / physiology
  • Motor Cortex / anatomy & histology
  • Motor Cortex / physiology*
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / innervation*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Neural Conduction / physiology
  • Neural Inhibition / physiology*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology