Magnetic resonance (MR) techniques are attractive for use in the developing brain because of their resolving power and their relative noninvasiveness. Their ability to provide detailed structural as well as metabolic and functional information without the use of ionizing radiation is unique. Conventional MR Imaging has widely proven its potential for identifying normal and pathologic brain morphology. Functional MR imaging such as diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion and blood-oxygenation-dependent BOLD imaging are newer imaging methods providing insights into brain physiology. This review will focus on the application of different MR techniques including the conventional structural MR imaging techniques and the more advanced MR techniques, such as the quantitative morphometric MR methods, the diffusion weighted MR techniques, the functional MR techniques and MR spectroscopy in the study of the fetal and newborn brain.
Copyright 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.