To explore the signaling mechanisms of the negative modulation of beta-adrenoceptors by kappa-Opioid receptors (kappa-OR) in the heart, the possibility of the interaction at the level of G protein and receptor was determined. Cholera toxin, an activator of the stimulatory G protein (Gs), elevated electrically induced intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) transients and induced ribosylation of the alpha-subunit of Gs (Gsalpha) in rat ventricular myocytes. The effects were significantly attenuated by U50,488H, a specific agonist of kappa-OR, and were abolished by nor-binaltorphimine, a selective kappa-OR antagonist. The content of Gsalpha, however, was not affected by U50,488H. Receptor binding experiments showed that neither Bmax nor Kd of the binding of [3H]CGP-12177, a beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, was affected by U50,488H. The current study provides the first evidence that kappa-OR stimulation inhibits the ribosylation of the alpha-subunit of the Gs protein, thus inhibiting the action of cholera toxin on the protein.