Social environmental influences on adolescents' smoking progression

Am J Health Behav. 2001 Jul-Aug;25(4):418-25. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.25.4.7.


Objective: To determine social environmental factors in relation to adolescent smoking using both longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses.

Methods: A national sample of nonsmoking adolescents (N=4,431) who participated in the 1989 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey and who were re-interviewed in 1993 was used for this study.

Results: The smoking behavior of best friends and smoking beliefs were consistent and significant factors in predicting adolescents' smoking progression from nonsmoking status to regular smokers or experimental smokers.

Conclusions: By addressing several limitations of previous studies, this paper contributes additional information regarding the adolescents' smoking acquisition process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Peer Group
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / psychology
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Social Environment*
  • Social Facilitation*