Allergic contact stomatitis caused by acrylic monomer in a denture

Australas J Dermatol. 2001 Aug;42(3):203-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-0960.2001.00517.x.

Abstract

A 71-year-old edentulous man developed a severely painful red mouth at sites of contact with a new denture. Patch testing showed allergy to samples of the denture material and to 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate. Patch testing to methyl methacrylate was negative. Prolonged boiling of the denture resulted in reversal of his symptoms and samples of this fully cured denture material produced negative patch tests. While allergy to acrylates is a rare cause of stomatitis, this possibility must be considered in patients presenting with oral symptoms. Material safety data sheets are unreliable in providing information regarding the type of acrylate present in the material. Hence, patch testing should be performed with a battery of acrylate allergens as well as with small samples of the denture material.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins / adverse effects*
  • Aged
  • Dental Materials / adverse effects*
  • Dentures / adverse effects*
  • Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / diagnosis*
  • Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / etiology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patch Tests
  • Stomatitis / diagnosis*
  • Stomatitis / etiology

Substances

  • Acrylic Resins
  • Dental Materials