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. 2001 Aug 15;98(4):1108-15.
doi: 10.1182/blood.v98.4.1108.

Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Induces Coordinated Changes in Major Histocompatibility Class I Presentation Pathway, Resulting in Increased Stability of Class I Complexes at the Cell Surface

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Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Induces Coordinated Changes in Major Histocompatibility Class I Presentation Pathway, Resulting in Increased Stability of Class I Complexes at the Cell Surface

K Hallermalm et al. Blood. .

Abstract

It is demonstrated that similar to interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces coordinated changes at different steps of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I processing and presentation pathway in nonprofessional antigen-presenting cells (APCs). TNF-alpha up-regulates the expression of 3 catalytic immunoproteasome subunits--LMP2, LMP7, and MECL-1--the immunomodulatory proteasome activator PA28 alpha, the TAP1/TAP2 heterodimer, and the total pool of MHC class I heavy chain. It was also found that in TNF-alpha--treated cells, MHC class I molecules reconstitute more rapidly and have an increased average half-life at the cell surface. Biochemical changes induced by TNF-alpha in the MHC class I pathway were translated into increased sensitivity of TNF-alpha--treated targets to lysis by CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells, demonstrating improved presentation of at least certain endogenously processed MHC class I--restricted peptide epitopes. Significantly, it was demonstrated that the effects of TNF-alpha observed in this experimental system were not mediated through the induction of IFN-gamma. It appears to be likely that TNF-alpha--mediated effects on MHC class I processing and presentation do not involve any intermediate messengers. Collectively, these data demonstrate the existence of yet another biologic activity exerted by TNF-alpha, namely its capacity to act as a coordinated multi-step modulator of the MHC class I pathway of antigen processing and presentation. These results suggest that TNF-alpha may be useful when a concerted up-regulation of the MHC class I presentation machinery is required but cannot be achieved by IFN-gamma. (Blood. 2001;98:1108-1115)

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