Efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy to treat driving phobia: a case report

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. Sep-Dec 2000;31(3-4):249-57. doi: 10.1016/s0005-7916(01)00009-x.


An AB case design was used to examine the efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) in treating driving phobia. After a one week baseline, the patient received three treatment sessions over a ten day period. Treatment included practice of four VR driving scenarios. Peak anxiety decreased within and across sessions. Ratings of anxiety and avoidance declined from pre-treatment and post-treatment, with gains maintained at seven month followup. Phobia-related interference in daily functioning similarly decreased. The results suggest that it would be useful to further evaluate the efficacy of VRET for driving phobia in controlled clinical trials.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arousal
  • Automobile Driving / psychology*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Desensitization, Psychologic*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Personality Inventory
  • Phobic Disorders / psychology
  • Phobic Disorders / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • User-Computer Interface*