Feasibility of home-based and health centre-based DOT: perspectives of TB care providers and clients in an HIV-endemic area of Thailand

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001 Aug;5(8):741-5.


Focus groups were conducted in a high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence area of Thailand to elicit perspectives of health staff and clients regarding the feasibility of directly observed therapy (DOT) for tuberculosis. Most participants perceived health centre-based DOT to be impractical for clients due to severe illness, travel inconvenience, and interference with employment. Most providers perceived home-based DOT to be difficult because of the inconvenience of travel, staff shortages and the high tuberculosis caseload. Most clients except HIV-negative tuberculous females considered home visits to be undesirable due to stigma. The preparedness of providers for home-based DOT might be improved through awareness building among staff about multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities*
  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Attitude to Health
  • Directly Observed Therapy*
  • Endemic Diseases*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • Home Care Services*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Thailand / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / drug therapy*
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology*


  • Antitubercular Agents