Caregiver report of hallucinations and paranoid delusions in elders aged 70 or older

Int Psychogeriatr. 2001 Jun;13(2):241-9. doi: 10.1017/s1041610201007621.


This study examined the demographic, medical, and psychiatric correlates of hallucinations and paranoid delusions reported by proxy informants for 822 elders aged 70 or older. This sample comprised people who were deemed unable to complete a direct interview in a large nationwide study of aging. Marital status, trouble with vision, and cognitive impairment were associated with report of both paranoid delusions and hallucinations. Depressive symptoms and stroke were associated with hallucinations only. These results suggest that inadequate external stimulation in the elderly leads to psychotic experiences.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / psychology*
  • Caregivers*
  • Cognition Disorders / psychology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Delusions / epidemiology*
  • Depression / psychology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hallucinations / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marital Status
  • Paranoid Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vision Disorders / psychology