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, 37 (2), 108-14

Pattern and Course of Single-System Disease in Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Data From the DAL-HX 83- And 90-study

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Pattern and Course of Single-System Disease in Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Data From the DAL-HX 83- And 90-study

C Titgemeyer et al. Med Pediatr Oncol.

Abstract

Background: Single-system (SS) disease is the most common presentation in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with a heterogenous clinical picture and course. Mostly bone and rarely skin or lymph nodes are involved.

Procedure: One hundred and seventy patients with SS-LCH were registered in the DAL-HX 83/90 studies. They were diagnosed according to uniform diagnostic criteria and followed by a standardised schedule.

Results: Single bone lesions were most common (68%), followed by multiple bone lesions (19%), isolated skin disease (11%), and isolated lymph node involvement (4 patients). In the detection of bone lesions radiographic skeletal survey proved to be superior to bone scan (97% vs. 82%). Treatment comprised surgery, irradiation and local instillation of steroids, and standardised chemotherapy for multifocal bone disease. After initial therapy 81% of the patients remained disease free. Reactivations restricted to the skeleton occurred in 18% of both unifocal and multifocal bone disease. Two skin patients had a chronic course. Fatality occurred only in one infant with skin disease who progressed to multi-system disease. Twenty-five percent of all patients developed permanent consequences, which were already present at diagnosis in about half of these patients and comprised mainly orthopedic problems related to lesional sites. Diabetes insipidus occurred in 3% and anterior pituitary dysfunction in 2% of the patients.

Conclusions: The course in SS%LCH was benign. In bone disease reactivations remained restricted to the skeleton and did not influence survival. However, reactivations had an impact on morbidity, as permanent consequences were mostly related to the site of disease activity. Med Pediatr Oncol 2001;37:108-114.

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