There are numerous data suggesting that oxidative stress may be involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Therefore, in the present study we measured the amount of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), one of the typical biomarkers of oxidative stress, in DNA isolated from lymphocytes of the patients and in the control group. Levels of antioxidant vitamins (A, C, and E) and intracellular labile iron pool (LIP), which can influence oxidative stress, were also determined. Blood samples were obtained from a control group of 55 healthy persons and from 43 atherosclerotic patients. 8-OH-dG and the vitamin levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Labile iron pool in lymphocytes was analyzed by fluorescent assay. The levels of 8-OH-dG and LIP were significantly higher and vitamin C concentration was significantly lower in the patient group than in the control group. The rest of the analyzed parameters do not significantly differ between the groups. A lower concentration of vitamin C and higher levels of labile iron pool in a group of atherosclerotic patients when compared with the control group may lead to oxidative stress, which is manifested by a higher level of 8-OH-dG in blood lymphocytes. All these factors may create an environment that promotes the development of atherosclerosis.