With recent developments in the field of mycology, such as increased incidence of fungal infections, the introduction of newer, safer antifungals, and the emergence of resistance, the need for clinically relevant antifungal susceptibility testing methods is obvious. Studies performed over the past decade have allowed the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards Subcommittee on Antifungal Testing to achieve consensus on a new standardized broth dilution method for in vitro susceptibility testing of yeasts (NCCLS M27-A). Once the reproducibility of the M27-A document was established, tentative breakpoints for fluconazole and itraconazole were derived. The availability of a standardized procedure for determining the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antifungal agents is an important tool in drug discovery and development. In addition, it provides means for detection of resistant strains and, in the case of oropharyngeal candidiasis, means for patient management. Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.